Is the use of cardiopulmonary bypass for multivessel coronary artery bypass surgery an independent predictor of operative mortality in patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction?
Journal - The Annals of thoracic surgery (United States )
BACKGROUND:l Coronary artery bypass grafting for patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction (ILVD) remains superior to medical therapy in terms of long-term survival. Recently, off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery has been shown to be very promising in achieving functional improvements with favorable operative mortality in this challenging group of patients. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors responsible for operative mortality in this group of patients. METHODS: The records of 305 consecutive ILVD patients, who underwent primary isolated coronary artery bypass grafting for multivessel disease at The National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, University of London, between January 1999 and January 2002, were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were considered to have ILVD if they had a left ventricular ejection fraction of 0.30 or less on preoperative coronary angiography. One hundred six patients were operated on using the off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery technique, and 199 patients were operated on using the conventional coronary artery bypass grafting technique with cardiopulmonary bypass. RESU;TS: Seven (6.6%) patients died in the off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery group, whereas 28 (14.1%) patients died in the cardiopulmonary bypass group (p = 0.05). Univariate analysis of all the preoperative characteristics was performed to identify the potential predictors of mortality in the whole group of ILVD patients. Potential predictors of mortality included symptom status (stable/unstable), chronic obstructive airway disease, dyspnea grade III and IV on the New York Heart Association classification, intravenous nitrates, preoperative use of intraaortic balloon pump, ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation, body surface area less than 2, and cardiopulmonary bypass. Only ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation was proved to act as an independent predictor of operative mortality in this group of ILVD patients, with an odds ratio of 29.6 (95% confidence interval, 8.9 to 98). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that using cardiopulmonary bypass for multivessel coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with ILVD was not proved to act as an independent predictor of operative mortality.
|ISSN : ||0003-4975|
|Mesh Heading : ||Aged Aged, 80 and over Analysis of Variance Cardiopulmonary Bypass Cause of Death Cohort Studies Coronary Artery Bypass Coronary Artery Disease Female Follow-Up Studies Hospital Mortality Humans Incidence Logistic Models Male Middle Aged Multivariate Analysis Postoperative Complications Predictive Value of Tests Probability Retrospective Studies Risk Assessment Risk Factors Severity of Illness Index Treatment Outcome Ventricular Dysfunction, Left complications complications|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||utilization methods mortality diagnosis surgery mortality diagnosis|