Level VI Lymph Node Dissection Does Not Decrease Radioiodine Uptake in Patients Undergoing Radioiodine Ablation for Differentiated Thyroid Cancer.
Journal - World journal of surgery
BACKGROUND: In patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer, the incidence of pathologic central compartment lymph node metastases is reported to be approximately 50%. Recently level VI lymph node dissection has been advocated as a means of reducing recurrence rates in these patients, even if there are no clinically apparent nodal metastases. This study investigates whether level VI lymph node dissection decreases the percent radioiodine uptake when patients undergo radioiodine ablation. METHODS: All thyroid cancer patients entered into the endocrine surgery database at a tertiary care center from 2006 to 2010 were reviewed. Those treated with radioactive iodine were analyzed with respect to performance of a central compartment lymph node dissection and the percent uptake of radioiodine ((131)I) on the preablation scan at 72 h. RESULTS: There were 277 patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer who underwent radioiodine ablation. In all, 75% were female, and the mean age was 47.7 years. A total of 87 patients underwent total thyroidectomy and level VI lymph node dissection (TT + LVIND). The mean number of level VI nodes resected was 6 (1-27), and 60.9% of patients had nodal metastases. Altogether, 190 had a total thyroidectomy (TT) only, and the median number of nodes resected was 0 (0-10). The percent uptake of radioiodine on the preablation scan was 0.93% in patients who had undergone TT + LVIND and 1.2% in those with TT alone (p = 0.17). The median number of radioactive foci noted within the thyroid bed was two in both groups (p = 0.64). The mean preablation thyroglobulin levels, measured after thyroxine withdrawal or thyrogen stimulation, were 4.0 ng/ml in the TT + LVIND group versus 4.7 ng/ml in the TT group (p = 0.07). The average ablative dose of (131)I was 111.8 mCi in the dissection group and 98.5 mCi in the TT-only group. CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence that uptake of (131)I is reduced by performance of a central neck dissection in patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer. Preablation thyroglobulin levels were not altered by level VI lymph node dissection.
Radiofrequency ablation of medically inoperable stage IA non-small cell lung cancer: are early posttreatment PET findings predictive of treatment outcome?
Journal - AJR. American journal of roentgenology (United States )
The purpose of this study was to evaluate initial experience with (18)F-FDG PET/CT after pulmonary radiofrequency ablation of stage IA non-small cell lung cancer to determine whether treatment success or residual disease can be predicted with early postablation PET.Thirty patients with medically inoperable stage IA non-small cell lung cancer (12 men, 18 women; median age, 76 years; range, 60-87 years) underwent outpatient CT-guided radiofrequency ablation over a 33-month period. Mean tumor size was 2.0 cm (range, 1.3-2.9 cm). PET/CT was performed within 60 days before radiofrequency ablation (RFA), within 4 days after RFA, and 6 months after RFA. Metabolic response was categorized as complete response or partial or no response at early post-RFA PET/CT and complete response, partial response, or progressive metabolic disease at 6-month post-RFA PET/CT and was compared with the 1-year clinical event rate (death, disease progression at contrast-enhanced CT, or repeat ablation).Early PET/CT images, obtained within 4 days of RFA, were evaluable for 26 patients (23 at 6 months). Patients with a complete metabolic response at early PET/CT had a 1-year event rate of 43%, whereas those with partial or no response or disease progression had a 1-year event rate of 67% (p = 0.27). Patients with a complete metabolic response at 6-month PET/CT had a 1-year event rate of 0%. Those with a partial response and those with disease progression had an overall event rate of 75% (p = 0.001).Early post-RFA PET/CT is not necessary and 6-month post-RFA PET/CT findings correlate better with clinical outcome at 1 year.
|ISSN : ||1546-3141|
|Mesh Heading : ||Aged Aged, 80 and over Biopsy Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Catheter Ablation Contrast Media Disease Progression Female Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 Humans Lung Neoplasms Male Middle Aged Neoplasm Staging Positron-Emission Tomography Predictive Value of Tests Radiopharmaceuticals Treatment Outcome pathology radiography diagnostic use diagnostic use pathology radiography diagnostic use|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||radionuclide imaging surgery methods radionuclide imaging surgery methods|
Future advances and applications in positron emission tomography.
Journal - Medicine and health, Rhode Island (United States )
|ISSN : ||1086-5462|
|Mesh Heading : ||Forecasting Humans Tomography, Emission-Computed|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||trends|