Phase I study of single, escalating doses of a superantigen-antibody fusion protein (PNU-214565) in patients with advanced colorectal or pancreatic carcinoma.
Journal - Journal of immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md. : 1997) (UNITED STATES )
To develop a T-cell-based therapy for carcinomas, the superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) was supplied with tumor specificity by means of a recombinant fusion of the Fab fragment of the monoclonal antibody C242 recognizing human colorectal (CRC) and pancreatic carcinomas (PC). Using this Fab-SEA fusion protein (PNU-214565), potent cytotoxicity by activation of T cells can be obtained in the targeted area. Twenty-one patients with CRC and 3 with PC were treated with single, escalating doses of PNU-214565 to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and to define toxicities. The doses ranged from 0.01 ng/kg to 4.0 ng/kg with three patients at each dose level, except for the dose of 1.5 ng/kg with which six patients were treated because of dose-limiting toxicity. Adverse events (AE) were transient: 13 patients experienced mild to moderate fever. In one patient, a grade 3 fever was followed by a grade 2 hypotension. Other mild or moderate AEs were fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. No significant hematological toxicity occurred. Immune activation was highly variable with strong activity in peripheral blood seen only in two patients at the dosage level 1.5 ng/kg. They showed pronounced elevations of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma, 3-5 hours after the start of infusion. In one patient, IL-2 and IL-6 increased substantially (2,925 U/mL and 32,000 U/mL) concomitantly with grade 3 fever and transient grade 2 neutropenia, grade 2 lymphopenia, and grade 2 monocytopenia. In conclusion, a single 3-hour infusion of PNU-214565 could be safely administered up to 4 ng/kg. MTD was not determined. Instead, a repeat-dose trial was initiated starting at 0.5 ng/kg, considered safe in this trial, with the objective of defining the MTD.
|ISSN : ||1524-9557|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adult Antibodies, Bacterial Antibodies, Monoclonal Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate Antineoplastic Agents Cell Division Colorectal Neoplasms Enterotoxins Female Flow Cytometry Humans Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments Lymphocytes Male Pancreatic Neoplasms Recombinant Fusion Proteins Superantigens adverse effects immunology adverse effects immunology blood adverse effects immunology blood immunology adverse effects immunology methods adverse effects genetics immunology cytology blood immunology adverse effects immunology adverse effects immunology|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||therapeutic use therapeutic use therapeutic use drug therapy therapeutic use therapeutic use drug therapy therapeutic use therapeutic use|