Locus coeruleus lesions decrease norepinephrine input into the medial preoptic area and medial basal hypothalamus and block the LH, FSH and prolactin preovulatory surge.
Journal - Brain research (NETHERLANDS )
The aim of this work was to study the role of the dorsal noradrenergic ascending pathway (DNAP), which originates in the locus coeruleus (LC) on the preovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and prolactin (PRL) by producing bilateral electrolytic lesions (cathodal or anodal) in this nucleus. LC lesions were placed at 11.00 h on proestrus in female rats with regular 4-day estrous cycles. Intact rats, sham-operated as well as animals with missed lesions served as controls. In Experiment I, anodal current was applied and hourly blood samples were withdrawn (from 13.00 to 17.00 h) via a jugular catheter from conscious, freely moving rats for determination of plasma LH, FSH and PRL concentrations. In Expt. II, Expt. I was repeated using cathodal current and collecting blood samples hourly from 13.00 to 18.00 h. In both experiments the animals were sacrificed on the next morning when the occurrence of ovulation was checked. The medial septal area (MSA), medial preoptic area (MPOA), and medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) were dissected and assayed for norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) content. Experiment III was performed in order to test if a hormonal discharge occurred immediately after lesion placement. Blood samples were collected immediately before and 15, 30, 60 and 90 min postoperatively (from 11.00 to 12.30 h). Either anodal or cathodal lesions blocked the proestrous surge of LH, FSH and PRL. The hypothesis that the lesions advanced or delayed these hormonal surges was rejected since we found no increases in the hormonal levels from 11.00 to 12.30 or from 13.00 to 18.00 h, and ovulation was not observed on the following morning in the lesioned animals. Since control, sham-operated and missed-lesion groups exhibited LH, FSH and PRL surges and ovulation, this blockage appears to be caused by the destruction of the LC neurons. Also, this blockade was correlated with a decrease in the NA content in the MPOA and MBH, but not in the MSA, whereas the DA and 5-HIAA content were not changed in all groups examined. The results lead us to suggest that the integrity of noradrenergic afferent input from the LC to luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone neurons in the MPOA and MBH is essential for triggering the preovulatory surge mechanisms for gonadotrophins and PRL.
|ISSN : ||0006-8993|
|Mesh Heading : ||Animals Female Follicle Stimulating Hormone Follicular Phase Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Gonadotropins, Pituitary Hypothalamus, Middle Locus Coeruleus Norepinephrine Preoptic Area Prolactin Rats Rats, Sprague-Dawley Secretory Rate secretion secretion secretion|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||physiology secretion metabolism physiology metabolism metabolism|