Insulin modulates norepinephrine-mediated melatonin synthesis in cultured rat pineal gland.
Journal - Life sciences (England )
The mammalian pineal gland synthesizes melatonin in a circadian manner, peaking during the dark phase. This synthesis is primarily regulated by sympathetic innervations via noradrenergic fibers, but is also modulated by many peptidergic and hormonal systems. A growing number of studies reveal a complex role for melatonin in influencing various physiological processes, including modulation of insulin secretion and action. In contrast, a role for insulin as a modulator of melatonin synthesis has not been investigated previously. The aim of the current study was to determine whether insulin modulates norepinephrine (NE)-mediated melatonin synthesis. The results demonstrate that insulin (10(- 8)M) potentiated norepinephrine-mediated melatonin synthesis and tryptophan hydroxylase (TPOH) activity in ex vivo incubated pineal glands. When ex vivo incubated pineal glands were synchronized (12h NE-stimulation, followed by 12h incubation in the absence of NE), insulin potentiated NE-mediated melatonin synthesis and arylalkylamine-N-acetyltransferase (AANAT) activity. Insulin did not affect the activity of hydroxyindole-O-methyltranferase (HIOMT), nor the gene expression of tpoh, aanat, or hiomt, under any of the conditions investigated. We conclude that insulin potentiates NE-mediated melatonin synthesis in cultured rat pineal gland, potentially through post-transcriptional events.
|ISSN : ||0024-3205|
|Mesh Heading : ||Acetylserotonin O-Methyltransferase Animals Arylalkylamine N-Acetyltransferase Circadian Rhythm Gene Expression Insulin Male Melatonin Norepinephrine Pineal Gland Protein Processing, Post-Translational Rats Rats, Wistar Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction Tryptophan Hydroxylase genetics metabolism genetics metabolism drug effects physiology physiology enzymology metabolism genetics metabolism|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||physiology pharmacology biosynthesis pharmacology drug effects|