Apoptosis, proliferation, and expression of p53 and bcl-2 in endocervical glandular intraepithelial lesions and invasive endocervical adenocarcinoma.
Journal - International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists (United States )
We evaluated apoptosis, proliferation, and p53 and bcl-2 expression in a spectrum of intraepithelial and invasive endocervical glandular lesions currently recognized by the World Health Organization as adenocarcinoma in situ, lesions with atypia "less than adenocarcinoma in situ" (endocervical glandular dysplasia and endocervical glandular atypia), and invasive adenocarcinoma. Aside from nuclear atypia, increased mitotic activity and apoptosis are consistent and closely correlated morphologic features of endocervical adenocarcinoma in situ. Apoptotic bodies and mitotic figures were counted in 32 examples of normal endocervical glands, 35 of endocervical glandular atypia, 30 of endocervical glandular dysplasia, 34 of adenocarcinoma in situ, and 30 of invasive adenocarcinoma. These results were correlated with immunohistochemical staining for MIB1, bcl-2, and p53 performed on 20 examples of each. Mitotic counts, p53 expression, and bcl-2 expression all increased significantly and in proportion to the degree of atypia in the spectrum of endocervical lesions. Apoptotic body counts and MIB1 expression also increased significantly with increasing atypia, but showed higher levels in adenocarcinoma in situ than in invasive adenocarcinoma. Apoptosis correlates with proliferation as measured by mitotic counts and MIB1, and also with p53 and bcl-2 expression. Apoptosis appears to be an important mechanism in the pathogenesis of endocervical glandular lesions and may be useful as an aid in their evaluation and diagnosis.
|ISSN : ||0277-1691|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adenocarcinoma Adult Aged Apoptosis Cell Division Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Female Humans Immunohistochemistry Middle Aged Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 Tumor Markers, Biological Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 Uterine Cervical Neoplasms metabolism metabolism analysis metabolism|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||pathology physiology pathology biosynthesis biosynthesis pathology|