Morphological and functional polymorphism within clonal thyroid nodules.
Journal - The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism (UNITED STATES )
Thirty-nine thyroid nodules, removed because of recent growth, were analyzed morphologically by serial histological sections for the classical histomorphological hallmarks of follicular cell replication and for immunohistochemically demonstrable overexpression of the growth-associated ras-gene product p21ras. Clonal analysis was performed using the highly informative probe M27 beta that detects polymorphisms on the locus DXS255 of the X-chromosome. Twenty-four nodules were of clonal and 15 nodules were of poly-clonal origin. Only 3 out of the 24 clonal nodules were histomorphologically uniform. In all others, the structural hallmarks of active growth and the P21ras growth-marker expression were remarkably heterogeneous throughout the tumors. There were no histomorphological characteristics distinguishing these clonal tumors from polyclonal nodules. Even if a clonal thyroid tumor may be originally homogeneous in respect to the parameters studied here, mechanisms must exist that create wide heterogeneity of growth and of morphogenetic potential among the individual follicular cells during further expansion of the nodule. Thus, clonal nodules are much more common in nodular goiters than hitherto assumed on grounds of the classical morphological criteria. The diagnosis of a true monoclonal nodule can no longer rely on morphological and functional criteria alone but requires molecular or cytogenetic analysis of clonality.
|ISSN : ||0021-972X|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Clone Cells Female Humans Immunoenzyme Techniques Middle Aged Polymorphism, Genetic Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) Thyroid Nodule X Chromosome pathology metabolism genetics metabolism|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||pathology|