Escherichia coli strains from edema disease: O serogroups, and genes for Shiga toxin, enterotoxins, and F18 fimbriae.
Journal - Veterinary microbiology (Netherlands )
The objectives of the research were to determine the presence of the gene sequences for Shiga Toxin 2e (Stx2e), enterotoxins (ST-I, ST-II and LT-I), and F18 fimbriae in 144 Escherichia coli strains isolated from pigs with edema disease; to assess the ability of stx2e(+) strains to produce Stx2e; and to determine the O serogroups of the E. coli strains. Presence of the genes was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), production of Stx2e was assessed by cytotoxicity for Vero and Hela cells, O serogroups were identified by agglutination with specific antisera. Of the 144 strains tested, 99 were stx2e(+) by PCR, but only 45 of these were Stx2e(+) in the cell culture assays. Among the 99 stx2e(+) strains, PCR detected the genes for F18ab, ST-I, ST-II, LT-I in 76, 40, 31 and 16 strains, respectively. Forty-one of the 99 sxt2e(+) strains belonged to O group 139; the rest did not belong to the classical edema disease O serogroups. It is likely that the enterotoxins, whose genes were detected at high frequency, are responsible for diarrhea seem in pigs with edema disease in Brazil.
|ISSN : ||0378-1135|
|Mesh Heading : ||Agglutination Tests Animals Brazil Cercopithecus aethiops Edema Disease of Swine Escherichia coli Escherichia coli Infections Fimbriae, Bacterial Hela Cells Humans O Antigens Polymerase Chain Reaction Shiga Toxin 2 Shiga Toxins Vero Cells classification microbiology veterinary genetics analysis|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||microbiology genetics veterinary genetics blood genetics|