Thermospray high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometric determination of cyclosporins.
Journal - Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM (ENGLAND )
The cyclic undecapeptides cyclosporin (Csp) A, CspD and dihydro CspC (HCspC) were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography/thermospray-mass spectrometry (HPLC/TSP-MS) on line with a UV detector. Positive ion partial (1000-1300 u) mass spectra of these compounds could be obtained with 1-2 pmol injected on column. Mass spectra were characterized by signals corresponding to the [M+H] ions as well as fragment ions derived from the loss of 112 (CspA and CspD) or 44, 114 and 114 + 44 (HCspC) mass units from the parent ion. The same qualitative profile was observed for negative-ion acquisition where the ions were formed by proton abstraction. The application of the technique to the characterization of CspA and its major hydroxylated and dealkylated metabolites in human blood samples is presented.
|ISSN : ||0951-4198|
|Mesh Heading : ||Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Cyclosporine Cyclosporins Immunosuppressive Agents Mass Spectrometry analysis analysis|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||methods analysis methods|
High-performance liquid chromatography-thermospray mass spectrometry of ten sulfonamide antibiotics. Analysis in milk at the ppb level.
Journal - Journal of chromatography (NETHERLANDS )
Ten sulfonamide antibiotics including sulfanilamide (SNL), sulfamethazine (SMZ), sulfamethizole (SMTZ), sulfachloropyridazine and sulfaquinoxaline (SQX), were analyzed by thermospray (TSP) mass spectrometry on-line with a high-performance liquid chromatography-UV detection system. Except for the pairs SMZ-SMTZ and sulfadimethoxine-SQX, the standards were resolved in both the UV and TSP profiles. Co-eluting compounds could be differentiated in TSP by their different relative molecular masses. The [M+H]+ ion was the base peak for all the standards except SNL, which showed an [M+NH4]+ ion. Collision-induced dissociation of the [M+H]+ ions afforded daughter ion spectra characterized by common ions at m/z 92, 108 and 156, and ions derived from the amine substituent ([MH-155]+). TSP detection limits [signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) > 3] were below 20 ng (scan mode), 2 ng (selected reaction monitoring, daughter ions from [M+H]+) and 400 pg (selected ion monitoring). UV detection limits were ca. 2 ng (S/N > 5). Results obtained from the multi-residue analysis of spiked cow milk samples at the low ng/ml level are presented.
|ISSN : ||0021-9673|
|Mesh Heading : ||Animals Cattle Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Food Contamination Mass Spectrometry Milk Sulfonamides|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||methods analysis methods chemistry analysis|