[Aptamers: selection and scope of applications]
Journal - Pathologie-biologie (France )
Aptamers are short oligonucleotides selected from large combinatorial pools of sequences for their capacity to bind to many different targets ranging from small molecules (amino acids, antibiotics...) to proteins or nucleic acid structures. Aptamers present the same high specificity and affinity for their targets as antibodies. In addition to efficient binding, aptamers have been shown in many cases to display an inhibitory activity against their targets. Many aptamers are now being developed against biomedical relevant targets, and one aptamer that inhibits the human VEGF165 already received approval for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration. Here we discuss the principles and the practical way of selecting aptamers (SELEX technology) as well as the structural basis for their performance as ligands. A wide scope of applications is described - aptamers have been used as tools for studying nucleic acids/proteins interactions, detecting, purifying or imaging target molecules, regulating gene expression - and includes recent developments of aptamers for therapy and diagnosis.
|ISSN : ||0369-8114|
|Mesh Heading : ||Combinatorial Chemistry Techniques Gene Therapy Humans Neoplasms Nucleic Acid Conformation Oligodeoxyribonucleotides SELEX Aptamer Technique genetics therapy|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||methods methods|