Transthoracic electrical impedance during external defibrillation: comparison of measured and modelled waveforms.
Journal - Physiological measurement (ENGLAND )
The transthoracic electrical impedance is an important defibrillation parameter, affecting the defibrillating current amplitude and energy, and therefore the defibrillation efficiency. A close relationship between transthoracic impedance and defibrillation success rate was observed. Pre-shock measurements (using low amplitude high frequency current) of the impedance were considered a solution for selection of adequate shock voltages or for current-based defibrillation dosage. A recent approach, called 'impedance-compensating defibrillation' was implemented, where the pulse duration was controlled with respect to the impedance measured during the initial phase of the shock. These considerations raised our interest in reassessment of the transthoracic impedance characteristics and the corresponding measurement methods. The purpose of this work is to study the variations of the transthoracic impedance by a continuous measurement technique during the defibrillation shock and comparing the data with results obtained by modelling. Voltage and current impulse waveforms were acquired during cardioversion of patients with atrial fibrillation or flutter. The same type of defibrillation pulse was taken from dogs after induction of fibrillation. The electrodes were located in the anterior position, for both the patients and animals.
|ISSN : ||0967-3334|
|Mesh Heading : ||Animals Cardiography, Impedance Dogs Electric Countershock Electrodes Electronics, Medical Electrophysiology Humans Models, Biological instrumentation statistics & numerical data instrumentation statistics & numerical data instrumentation|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||methods methods|