Effects of dietary fats on nucleoside triphosphatase activity and nuclear membrane fatty acid composition of rats during development.
Journal - Annals of nutrition & metabolism (SWITZERLAND )
The effect of various dietary fats on the nucleoside triphosphatase (NTPase) activity and nuclear membrane lipid composition of rat liver during development was assessed. Rats fed a fat-free diet exhibited higher specific activity of NTPase at all ages, compared with control animals. In rats fed a sunflower oil diet, the specific activity of NTPase was also found to be highest at all ages than was observed in the control group. In contrast, animals fed the fish oil diet or peanut-rapeseed oil diet showed a decrease in NTPase activity in comparison with the control group. The specific activity of NTPase was correlated positively with dietary sigma PUFA n-6 (r = 0.03, p < 0.05) and negatively with the dietary sigma PUFA n-3 (r = -0.87; p < 0.05). The fatty acid composition of liver nuclear membranes of rats fed a fat-free diet revealed high levels of 16:1 n-9, 18:1 n-9, and 20:3 n-9 acids. A dramatic decrease in 18:2 n-6, 20:4 n-6, and 22:6 n-3 acids was observed. Animals fed a sunflower oil diet showed high levels of n-6 fatty acids, particularly 22:4 n-6 and 22:5 n-6, and low levels of monounsaturated fatty acids. However, when rats were fed a fish oil diet, the liver nuclear membranes were highly enriched in 20:5 n-3, and 22:6 n-3 acids, and there was a simultaneous decrease in arachidonic acid. From these observations it is concluded that dietary fats induce changes not only in the fatty acid composition of the nuclear membrane lipids but also in the specific activity of NTPase involved in nuclear function.
|ISSN : ||0250-6807|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adenosine Triphosphatases Animals Dietary Fats Fatty Acids Fish Oils Liver Male Nuclear Envelope Plant Oils Rats Rats, Sprague-Dawley administration & dosage pharmacology enzymology ultrastructure pharmacology|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||metabolism pharmacology metabolism growth & development metabolism|
Alteration in 5'-nucleotidase activities and composition of liver and brain microsomes of developing rats fed different dietary fats.
Journal - Biochemistry and molecular biology international (AUSTRALIA )
Four groups of male weanling rats were fed during three months, diets different in the nature of fats and the activity of 5' nucleotidase and fatty acid composition of brain and liver microsomes were studied. Group A were fed a standard commercial diet, group B a fat free-diet and group C and D a fat free-diet, containing respectively 10% of peanut-rapeseed oil and 10% of salmon oil. In brain and liver microsomes, 5'-nucleotidase activity increased throughout the development for all diets (except for the fat-free diet). Slight differences were found in rats fed the peanut-rapeseed oil diet compared to controls estimated at the same time. However, in animals fed the fish-oil diet, 5' nucleotidase had the highest activity in both brain and liver microsomes. Marked changes occurred in the fatty acid patterns of brain and liver microsomes among the various groups. The greatest alterations were found in the liver microsomes. In brain and liver microsomal membranes the fat-free diet induced an increase in monounsaturated fatty acids, an synthesis of eicosatrienoic acid, and a decrease in (n-6) and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids. Animals fed a peanut-rapeseed oil and control diet showed similar fatty acid patterns in liver and brain microsomes. However, when rats were fed a fish-oil diet, the liver microsomal membranes were highly enriched in eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, and simultaneously there was a decrease in arachidonic acid. These results suggest that manipulation of the lipid environment influences 5'-nucleotidase activity by the interaction of the enzyme with specific membrane lipids.
|ISSN : ||1039-9712|
|Mesh Heading : ||5'-Nucleotidase Animals Brain Dietary Fats Dietary Fats, Unsaturated Fatty Acids Male Microsomes Microsomes, Liver Rats Rats, Sprague-Dawley enzymology administration & dosage chemistry enzymology enzymology|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Brain Chemistry metabolism administration & dosage analysis chemistry|