Pulmonary dendritic cells: playing ball in the BAL?
Journal - The European respiratory journal : official journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology (Switzerland )
|ISSN : ||0903-1936|
|Mesh Heading : ||Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid Dendritic Cells Flow Cytometry Humans Lung Pneumonia Pulmonary Fibrosis Sarcoidosis, Pulmonary immunology methods immunology immunology immunology|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||cytology cytology cytology pathology pathology pathology|
Elevated MMP-12 protein levels in induced sputum from patients with COPD.
Journal - Thorax (England )
BACKGROUND: Several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In mice, MMP-12 plays a crucial role in the development of cigarette smoke induced emphysema. A study was undertaken to investigate the role of MMP-12 in the development of COPD in human smokers. METHODS: Induced sputum samples were collected from patients with stable COPD (n = 28), healthy smokers (n = 14), never smokers (n = 20), and former smokers (n = 14). MMP-12 protein levels in induced sputum were determined by ELISA and compared between the four study groups. MMP-12 enzymatic activity in induced sputum was evaluated by casein zymography and by cleaving of a fluorescence quenched substrate. RESULTS: Median (IQR) MMP-12 levels were significantly higher in COPD patients than in healthy smokers, never smokers, and former smokers (17.5 (7.1-42.1) v 6.7 (3.9-10.4) v 4.2 (2.4-11.3) v 6.1 (4.5-7.6) ng/ml, p = 0.0002). MMP-12 enzymatic activity was significantly higher in patients with COPD than in controls (4.11 (1.4-8.0) v 0.14 (0.1-0.2) microg/microl, p = 0.0002). CONCLUSION: MMP-12 is markedly increased in induced sputum from patients with stable COPD compared with controls, suggesting a role for MMP-12 in the development of COPD in smokers.
|ISSN : ||0040-6376|
|Mesh Heading : ||Aged Animals Antibodies Blotting, Western Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid Dithiothreitol Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Forced Expiratory Volume Humans Matrix Metalloproteinase 12 Metalloendopeptidases Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C Middle Aged Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Smoking Sputum Vital Capacity analysis chemistry diagnostic use physiology immunology metabolism physiology|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||metabolism metabolism metabolism|