Autocrine interleukin-6 production in renal cell carcinoma: evidence for the involvement of p53.
Journal - Cancer research (United States )
Interleukin (IL)-6 is an autocrine growth factor for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We sought to determine whether p53 regulates constitutive IL-6 production. RCC cell lines containing mutant (mut) p53 produced higher levels of IL-6 than those containing wild-type (wt) p53 (P < 0.05). Transfection of wt p53 into RCC cell lines bearing mut p53 (UOK 121LN) or wt p53 (A498 and ACHN) resulted in repression of IL-6 promoter chloramphenicol acetyltransferase activity (P < 0.05). Mutant p53 was either less effective at repressing IL-6 promoter activity (ACHN cells) or enhanced IL-6 promoter activity (A498 cells). A498 cells stably transfected with mut p53 produced higher levels of IL-6 than A498 cells transfected with an empty expression vector (P < 0.05). Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed decreased binding of CAAT enhancer binding protein, cyclic AMP responsive element binding protein, +/- nuclear factor-kappaB transcription factors to the IL-6 promoter in various RCC cell lines transfected with wt p53 (P < 0.05) but not in those transfected with mut p53. These data suggest that: (a) mutation of p53 contributes to the overexpression of IL-6 in RCC; and (b) wt p53 represses IL-6 expression, at least in part, by interfering with specific transcription factor binding to the IL-6 promoter.
|ISSN : ||0008-5472|
|Mesh Heading : ||Carcinoma, Renal Cell Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic Humans Interleukin-6 Kidney Neoplasms Mutation Promoter Regions, Genetic Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun Transcription Factors Transfection Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 genetics secretion genetics metabolism antagonists & inhibitors metabolism physiology biosynthesis genetics|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||metabolism biosynthesis metabolism physiology|