A monoclonal antibody to visualize PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) in cells.
Journal - The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society (United States )
Phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate [PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)] is a second messenger produced in response to agonist stimulation. Traditionally, visualization of phosphoinositide polyphosphates (PtdInsP(n)) in living cells is accomplished using chimeric green fluorescent protein (GFP)-pleckstrin homology (PH) domain proteins, while PtdInsP(n) quantitation is accomplished by extraction and separation of radiolabeled cellular PtdInsP(n)s. Here we describe preparation of a covalent protein-PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) immunogen, characterization of binding selectivity of an anti-PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) IgM, and immunodetection of PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) in stimulated mammalian cells. This antibody has greater than three orders of magnitude selectivity for binding PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) relative to its precursor, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P(2)), and is therefore optimal for studies of cell function. The immunodetection in platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-stimulated NIH 3T3 cells was benchmarked against HPLC analysis of [3H]-myo-inositol-labeled cellular PtdInsP(n)s. In addition, the changes in subcellular amounts and localizations of both PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) and PtdIns(4,5)P(2) in stimulated NIH 3T3 fibroblasts and human neutrophils were observed by immunofluorescence. In insulin- or PDGF-stimulated fibroblasts, PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) levels increased in the cytoplasm, peaking at 10 min. In contrast, increases in the PtdIns(4,5)P(2) levels were detected in nuclei, corresponding to the production of new substrate following depletion by phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase.
|ISSN : ||0022-1554|
|Mesh Heading : ||3T3 Cells Animals Antibodies, Monoclonal Antibody Specificity Ascites Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Female Fluorescent Antibody Technique Humans Insulin Ligands Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C Neutrophil Activation Neutrophils Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates Platelet-Derived Growth Factor isolation & purification metabolism pharmacology drug effects metabolism immunology pharmacology|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||metabolism biosynthesis|