Expression of activated TrkA protein in melanocytic tumors: relationship to cell proliferation and clinical outcome.
Journal - American journal of clinical pathology (United States )
We evaluated expression of activated nerve growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase (p-TrkA) by immunohistochemical analysis in 152 primary and 64 metastatic human melanoma biopsy specimens and 8 nevi. Membranous, cytoplasmic, and/or nuclear expression of p-TrkA was seen in 54.6% of primary melanomas and 30% of metastases. Membranous p-TrkA was detected in 21.7% of primary and 14% of metastatic melanomas and cytoplasmic immunoreactivity in 28.9% of primary tumors and in 22% of metastases. Significantly fewer metastases than primary tumors expressed nuclear p-TrkA (16% vs 39.5%; P = .006). A significantly higher percentage of nodular than superficial spreading melanomas expressed membranous (40% vs 11%; P < .0001) p-TrkA. Nevi expressed no membranous or cytoplasmic p-TrkA; 63% showed nuclear reactivity. p-TrkA expression varied significantly with thickness of primary tumors (lower expression in thinner lesions: membranous, P = .004; cytoplasmic, P = .001; nuclear, P = .031). An association between ulceration and membranous (P = .054), cytoplasmic (P < .0001), and nuclear (P = .022) p-TrkA expression was found. Membranous p-TrkA significantly predicted decreased overall survival (P = .002). A significant association between membranous p-TrkA and cyclin A (P = .004) and Ki-67 (P < .0001) and between cytoplasmic p-TrkA and cyclin A (P < .0001), Ki-67 (P = .004), and cyclin D3 (P = .027) was found. p-TrkA had no effect on MAPK(ERK1/2) activation. A significant inverse association between cytoplasmic beta-catenin and cytoplasmic p-TrkA levels (P = .006) and between nuclear p-TrkA and cytoplasmic E-cadherin (P = .022) was seen. We present the first evidence of a role for TrkA activation in a subset of melanomas as a predictor of an aggressive phenotype and poor outcome.
|ISSN : ||0002-9173|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Cell Division Cytoskeletal Proteins Enzyme Activation Humans Immunohistochemistry Melanoma Middle Aged Neoplasm Metastasis Nevus Prognosis Receptor, trkA Trans-Activators Treatment Outcome beta Catenin biosynthesis mortality pathology enzymology pathology biosynthesis|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||enzymology pathology biosynthesis|