Characterization of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 kinases from human hepatoma cells.
Journal - Journal of cellular biochemistry (UNITED STATES )
The phosphorylation of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-I (IGFBP-1) alters its binding affinity for insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and thus regulates the bioavailability of IGF-I for binding to the IGF-I receptor. The kinase(s) responsible for the phosphorylation of IGFBP-1 has not been identified. This study was designed to characterize the IGFBP-1 kinase activity in HepG2 human hepatoma cells, a cell line that secretes IGFBP-1 primarily as phosphorylated isoforms. IGFBP-1 kinase activity was partially purified from detergent extracts of the cells by phosphocellulose chromatography and gel filtration. Two kinases of approximate M(r) 150,000 (peak I kinase) and M(r) 50,000 (peak II kinase) were identified. Each kinase phosphorylated IGFBP-1 at serine residues that were phosphorylated by intact HepG2 cells. The kinases were distinct based on their differential sensitivity to inhibition by heparin (IC50 = 2.5 and 16.5 micrograms/ml, peak I and II kinase, respectively) and inhibition by the isoquinoline sulfonamide CKI-7 (IC50 = 50 microM and 100 microM, peak I and II kinase, respectively). In addition, a tenfold molar excess of nonradioactive GTP relative to [gamma-32P]ATP lowered the incorporation of 32P into IGFBP-1 by 80% when the reaction was catalyzed by the peak I kinase, whereas GTP had no effect on the reaction catalyzed by the peak II kinase. In the presence of polylysine, IGFBP-1 was radiolabeled by the partially purified kinase activity when [gamma-32P]GTP served as the phosphate donor indicating the presence of casein kinase II activity. Furthermore, IGFBP-1 was phosphorylated by purified casein kinase I and casein kinase II at sites phosphorylated by the peak I and II kinases. Our data suggest that at least two kinases could be responsible for the phosphorylation of IGFBP-1 in intact HepG2 cells and that the kinases are related to the casein kinase family of protein kinases.
|ISSN : ||0730-2312|
|Mesh Heading : ||Amino Acid Sequence Carcinoma, Hepatocellular Casein Kinase II Casein Kinases Enzyme Inhibitors Guanosine Triphosphate Heparin Humans Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1 Isoquinolines Liver Neoplasms Molecular Sequence Data Molecular Weight Peptide Mapping Phosphorylation Phosphoserine Protein Kinases Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases Tumor Cells, Cultured pharmacology metabolism pharmacology pharmacology analysis metabolism antagonists & inhibitors chemistry isolation & purification|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||enzymology metabolism enzymology metabolism|