Carcinoma of the gallbladder: a diagnostic challenge.
Journal - Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (SCOTLAND )
Since the introduction and availability of abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography, 38 patients have been admitted to the Department of Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, University of Hong Kong with a subsequently confirmed histological diagnosis of carcinoma of the gallbladder. The majority of patients presented with abdominal pain, anorexia or weight loss, jaundice, and anaemia or an abdominal swelling. Abnormal liver function tests were found in 70-90%. Cholangiography, ultrasound and particularly computed tomography helped to confirm clinical suspicion when performed but 23 patients (61%) had an inaccurate diagnosis made before surgery. Operative intervention was only of benefit when the carcinoma was confined to the gallbladder (median survival after cholecystectomy alone 13 months; other procedures 2 months; P less than 0.01). Carcinoma of the gallbladder carries a poor prognosis but ultrasound and computed tomography can help select patients for appropriate treatment (surgery, endoscopic stenting, radiotherapy, chemotherapy) if clinical suspicion is raised.
|ISSN : ||0035-8835|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Carcinoma Female Gallbladder Neoplasms Hong Kong Humans Male Middle Aged Prognosis Survival Rate Tomography, X-Ray Computed epidemiology surgery ultrasonography epidemiology surgery ultrasonography epidemiology|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||diagnosis diagnosis|