The binding properties of the H5N1 influenza virus neuraminidase as inferred from molecular modeling.
Journal - Journal of molecular modeling
The avian influenza H5N1 virus has emerged as an important pathogen, causing severe disease in humans and posing a pandemic threat. Substrate specificity is crucial for the virus to obtain the ability to spread from avian to human. Therefore, an investigation of the binding properties of ligands at the molecular level is important for understanding the catalytic mechanism of the avian influenza virus neuraminidase and for designing novel and specific inhibitors of H5N1 neuraminidase. Based on the available crystal structure of H5N1, we have characterized the binding properties between sialic acid, methyl 3'sialyllactoside, methyl 6'sialyllactoside and the H5N1 influenza virus neuraminidase using molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations. Obtained molecular dynamics trajectories were analyzed in terms of ligand conformations, N1-ligand interactions, and in terms of loop flexibility. It was found that in the N1-SA complex the sialic acid ring undergoes a transition from the B (2,5) to the (2) C (5) conformation. However, in the N1-3SL and N1-6SL complexes sialic acid remained in the distorted boat conformation. The obtained results indicate that 3SL has only weak interactions with the 150-loop, whereas the N1-6SL complex shows strong interactions. Most of the differences arise from the various conformations around the glycosidic linkage, between the sialic acid and galactose, which facilitate the above interactions of 6SL with the enzyme, and as a consequence the interactions between the 150- and 430- loops. This finding suggests that the altered flexibility of loops in and around the active site is one of the reasons why the avian N1 preferentially cleaves sialic acid from a-(2-3)-Gal glycoconjugates over a-(2-6)-Gal. These molecular modeling results are consistent with available experimental results on the specificity of N1.
Potential transition-state analogs for glycosyltransferases. Design and DFT calculations of conformational behavior.
Journal - Carbohydrate research (Netherlands )
The structure of a previously calculated transition state (TS) was used to design the [tetrahydro-2-(methylthio)furan-2-yl]methyl phosphate dianion (1) as a new scaffold for transition-state analogs of reactions catalyzed by the inverting glycosyltransferases. This scaffold contains relevant features of the donor and acceptor and represents a new type of potential inhibitors for these enzymes. Available conformational space of 1 was explored using DFT quantum chemical methods by means of two-dimensional potential-energy maps calculated as a function of Phi, Psi, and omega dihedral angles at the B3LYP/6-31+G* level. The calculated potential energy surfaces revealed the existence of several low-energy domains. Structures from these regions were refined at the 6-311++G** level and led to 14 conformers. The stability of conformers is influenced by their environment, and in aqueous solution two conformers dominate the equilibrium. A superposition of calculated conformers with the predicted TS structure revealed that the preferred conformers in solution nicely mimic structural features of the TS. These results imply that 1 has structural properties required to mimic the TS and therefore can be used as a scaffold for further development of TS-analog inhibitors for retaining glycosyltransferases.
|ISSN : ||0008-6215|
|Mesh Heading : ||Computer Simulation Furans Glycosyltransferases Molecular Conformation Phosphoric Acid Esters|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||chemistry metabolism chemistry|