Relation of nitrate contamination of groundwater with methaemoglobin level among infants in Gaza.
Journal - Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de santé de la Méditerranée orientale = al-Majallah al-?i??iyah li-sharq al-mutawassi? (Egypt )
A descriptive, cross-sectional and analytical study was carried out in 3 areas of the Gaza Strip, Palestine, in 2002, to determine the factors associated with high methaemoglobin (Met-Hb) levels in infants and the relationship with nitrate concentration in drinking water wells. Drinking water sources were likely to be the main factor for high levels of Met-Hb. Out of 338 infants attending for vaccination, having supplemental feeding, use of boiled water and age 3-6 months were associated with high Met-Hb levels. The highest mean Met-Hb level was in Khan-Younis, where the highest mean nitrate concentration was recorded in drinking water. The results emphasize the importance of exclusive breastfeeding for infants < 6 months old, and the choice of a suitable source of water for these infants.
|ISSN : ||1020-3397|
|Mesh Heading : ||Age Distribution Anemia Bottle Feeding Chi-Square Distribution Cross-Sectional Studies Employment Female Humans Infant Infant Nutrition Disorders Male Methemoglobinemia Middle East Mothers Nitrates Nutrition Surveys Nutritional Status Population Surveillance Questionnaires Residence Characteristics Risk Factors Water Pollutants, Chemical Water Purification chemically induced epidemiology adverse effects statistics & numerical data chemically induced epidemiology blood epidemiology education statistics & numerical data analysis analysis methods statistics & numerical data analysis|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Water Supply chemically induced epidemiology adverse effects adverse effects|