External Jugular Vein Catheterization Using 'Intra-Atrial Electrocardiogram'
Journal - Yonsei Medical Journal
PurposeTo investigate the reliability of intra-atrial electrocardiogram (ECG) use for external jugular vein (EJV) catheterization.Materials and MethodsPatients undergoing open heart surgery in Suleyman Demirel University Hospital between February and June 2006 were included in the study. Using a sterile Seldinger technique, a triple lumen polyurethane central venous catheter was introduced (Certofix® Trio V 720, length 20 cm, 7 French) under intra-atrial ECG guidance. The presence of an increase in P-wave size was recorded. Just after the surgery, a portable chest X-ray was taken. The method was considered to be successful when a change in P-wave could be seen and the catheter was in the superior vena cava, as well as when there was no change in P-wave and the catheter was not in the superior vena cava.ResultsIn six patients (12%), we were not able to advance the guidewire. In the remaining 44 patients, the catheter was inserted without problem. Eight of these 44 catheters were positioned in the innominate vein, with a malposition ratio of 18%. The success rate of external jugular vein cannulation with intra-atrial ECG was 95%. No complications occured related to the EJV cannulation.ConclusionConsidering that it is easily accessed without complication, and the malposition is successfully detected by intra-atrial ECG, EJV is a suitable access for central venous cannulation when internal jugular vein (IJV) is not usable.
|ISSN : ||0513-5796|
|Keywords : ||Veins, jugular,catheterization, central venous,monitoring, electrocardiography|