Estimation of precision and efficiency mass transfer steps for the determination of pesticides in vegetables aiming at the expression of results with reliable uncertainty.
Journal - The Analyst (ENGLAND )
A 'bottom-up' approach for the expression of results obtained from analytical methods that include analytical steps with recovery inherently different from 100% [mass transfer steps (MTS): extraction, evaporation, clean-up procedures, digestion, etc.] is presented. The estimation of the combination of all MTS uncertainty involves the comparison of the experimental dispersion of replicated analyses of spiked samples with the estimation of the uncertainty obtained for the combination of all uncertainty sources except MTS ones ('incomplete' estimation). The estimation of MTS uncertainty by difference is performed after evaluating the statistical difference between the 'incomplete' estimation and the experimental dispersion (F-test). When the two estimations are statistically equivalent, the MTS uncertainty is considered to be negligible in relation to the other sources budget. The assumption of constancy of MTS performance within the analytical range is tested through single analyses at several concentration levels and is evaluated by the inclusion of the expected values at the intervals resulting from the combination of the MTS uncertainty estimation performed at one concentration level and the 'incomplete' estimation. The developed methodology can also be useful for method optimisation and validation and for the detection of small trends in results. The determination of pesticides in sweet peppers by GC-NPD was used to explore the above concepts.
|ISSN : ||0003-2654|
|Mesh Heading : ||Chromatography, Gas Food Contamination Humans Pesticide Residues Sensitivity and Specificity|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Vegetables analysis analysis|