Study of water dynamics and distances in paramagnetic solids by variable-temperature two-dimensional 2H NMR spectroscopy.
Journal - The Journal of chemical physics (United States )
A recently proposed two-dimensional (2)H NMR experiment is used to measure the (2)H (spin I=1) quadrupolar and paramagnetic shift anisotropy interactions in powdered CuCl(2).2D(2)O as a function of temperature. The principal components of the quadrupolar and paramagnetic shift anisotropy tensors and the Euler angles describing the orientations of the tensors in the molecular frame are determined at each temperature. For this purpose an analytical approach is introduced to extract desired parameters from motionally averaged two-dimensional line shapes where the averaging is introduced by rapid 180 degrees flips around C(2) axes of D(2)O molecules. This approach can be readily applied to study various materials containing water of crystallization. It is also clearly shown that the rapid continuous rotation of D(2)O molecules around their C(2) axes is not taking place in the studied solid in the range of temperatures between 209 and 344 K. Once the paramagnetic shift anisotropy of a deuterium atom is measured accurately it is used to estimate the distance between deuterium and the nearest copper atom bearing an unpaired electron. Excellent agreement is found between structural parameters obtained in this study and those provided by neutron and x-ray diffraction, showing that the paramagnetic shift anisotropy is a sensitive probe of distances in paramagnetic solids.
Dynamics on the microsecond timescale in microporous aluminophosphate AlPO-14 as evidenced by 27Al MQMAS and STMAS NMR spectroscopy.
Journal - Journal of the American Chemical Society (United States )
Multiple-quantum magic angle spinning (MQMAS) and satellite-transition magic angle spinning (STMAS) are two well-known techniques for obtaining high-resolution, or "isotropic", NMR spectra of quadrupolar nuclei. It has recently been shown that dynamics-driven modulation of the quadrupolar interaction on the microsecond timescale results in linewidths in isotropic STMAS spectra that are strongly broadened, while, in contrast, the isotropic MQMAS linewidths remain narrow. Here, we use this novel methodology in an 27Al (I = 5/2) NMR study of the calcined-dehydrated aluminophosphate AlPO-14 and two forms of as-synthesized AlPO-14, one prepared with isopropylamine (C3H7NH2) as the template molecule and one with piperidine (C5H10NH). For completeness, the 31P and 13C (both I = 1/2) MAS NMR spectra are also presented. A comparison of the 27Al MQMAS and STMAS NMR results show that, although calcined AlPO-14 appears to have a rigid framework structure, the extent of motion in the two as-synthesized forms is significant, with clear evidence for dynamics on the microsecond timescale in the immediate environments of all four Al sites in each material. Variable-temperature 27Al STMAS NMR studies of the two as-synthesized AlPO forms reveal the dynamics to be complex, with the motions of both the guest water molecules and organic template molecules shown to be contributing. The sensitivity of the STMAS NMR experiment to the presence of microsecond timescale dynamics is such that it seems likely that this methodology will prove useful in NMR studies of host-guest interactions in a wide variety of framework materials.