Thermotolerance Is Developmentally Dependent in Germinating Wheat Seed.
Journal - Plant physiology
During the initial 9 to 12 hours of imbibition, the imbibing wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seed was found to exhibit substantial tolerance to high temperature relative to later times of imbibition. Tolerance was assessed by seed viability and seedling growth. This initial high temperature tolerance gradually declines with increasing time of seed imbibition. A range of 2 hour heat pretreatments (38-42 degrees C) prior to imposition of a 2 hour heat shock (51-53 degrees C) during this same 9 to 12 hour interval was unable to increase survival or seedling growth over that of seed that did not receive a pretreatment. However, after 9 to 12 hours of imbibition the pretreatment provided both increased survival and increased seedling growth, measured 120 hours later, i.e., classical thermotolerance could be acquired. This response is called a ;thermotolerance transition.' Isolated embryos responded in a similar manner using a 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride assay for viability determination following heat treatments. The high temperature tolerance during early imbibition indicates that the thermotolerance transition involves the loss of an existing thermotolerance coincident with acquiring the ability to become thermotolerant following heat pretreatment. Despite the inability to acquire thermotolerance, heat shock protein synthesis was induced by heat shock immediately upon imbibition of wheat seed or isolated embryos. Developmentally regulated heat shock proteins of 58 to 60, 46, 40, and 14 kilodaltons were detected at 1.5 hours of imbibition following heat shock, but were absent or greatly reduced by 12 hours. Constitutive synthesis of 70 and 90 kilodalton hsp groups appeared to be greater at 1.5 hours of imbibition than at 12 hours of imbibition.