Methallyl isothiocyanate inhibits the caspase-1 activity through the inhibition of intracellular calcium levels.
Journal - Biochimie
Isothiocyanates (ITCs) play a major role in the potential chemopreventive effect. Cruciferous vegetables are a particularly abundant source of ITCs. Methallyl ITC (MAITC) belongs to ITCs as a synthesized compound. However, the effects of MATIC have never been elucidated. The aim of this work was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanisms of methallyl isothiocyanate (MAITC) in mast cells. MAITC suppressed the intracellular calcium levels in phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) plus calcium ionophore A23187 (PMACI)-stimulated human mast cell line (HMC-1) cells. MAITC significantly inhibited the production and mRNA expression of interleukin (IL)-1ß in PMACI-stimulated HMC-1 cells. The activities of caspase-1 and receptor interacting protein-2 were significantly inhibited by the treatment with MAITC in PMACI-stimulated HMC-1 cells. The activation of nuclear factor-?B and phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and I?Ba were inhibited by the treatment with MAITC. In addition, MAITC significantly inhibited the production and mRNA expression of IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-a in PMACI-stimulated HMC-1 cells. Furthermore, MAITC significantly inhibited caspase-1 enzymatic activity and reactive oxygen species generation in PMA-stimulated HMC-1 cells. Taken together, we can conclude that MAITC showed an anti-inflammatory effect on mast cell-mediated inflammatory reaction.Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.