Association between the Ala379Val variant of the lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 and risk of myocardial infarction in the north and south of Europe.
Journal - Atherosclerosis (Ireland )
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) has been identified as a coronary heart disease (CHD) risk predictor. Both its anti-inflammatory role by hydrolysing platelet activating factor, and pro-inflammatory generation of atherogenic mediators may influence CHD risk. We investigated the association of the activity-reducing A379V variant with risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in a large European case-control study, which compared 527 post-MI men with 566 age-matched controls from north and south Europe. Overall, the frequency of the V379 allele was 0.24 (95%CI 0.21-0.26), with no evidence for differences between centres. Homozygosity for the V379 allele was associated with lower risk of MI, (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.56, 95%CI 0.32-0.98), maintained after adjustment for lifestyle factors and levels of inflammatory risk factors (C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, IL-6) (OR 0.46, 0.22-0.93). There was no evidence of heterogeneity of effect between the centres in the north and south of Europe (P-value for interaction=0.80). Since homozygosity for V379 occurs in only 5-6% of subjects, this genotype is not a major determinant of population genetic risk of CHD, but the association of this genotype with low levels of Lp-PLA(2), strongly support the pro-inflammatory causative, and not consequential, role of Lp-PLA(2) in CHD.
|ISSN : ||0021-9150|
|Mesh Heading : ||1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase Alanine Alleles Case-Control Studies Europe Gene Frequency Genotype Homozygote Humans Male Middle Aged Myocardial Infarction Odds Ratio Phospholipases A Phospholipases A2 Valine|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Genetic Predisposition to Disease Genetic Variation genetics genetics|