Increase in alfalfa nodulation, nitrogen fixation, and plant growth by specific DNA amplification in Sinorhizobium meliloti.
Journal - Applied and environmental microbiology (UNITED STATES )
To improve symbiotic nitrogen fixation on alfalfa plants, Sinorhizobium meliloti strains containing different average copy numbers of a symbiotic DNA region were constructed by specific DNA amplification (SDA). A DNA fragment containing a regulatory gene (nodD1), the common nodulation genes (nodABC), and an operon essential for nitrogen fixation (nifN) from the nod regulon region of the symbiotic plasmid pSyma of S. meliloti was cloned into a plasmid unable to replicate in this organism. The plasmid then was integrated into the homologous DNA region of S. meliloti strains 41 and 1021, which resulted in a duplication of the symbiotic region. Sinorhizobium derivatives carrying further amplification were selected by growing the bacteria in increased concentrations of an antibiotic marker present in the integrated vector. Derivatives of strain 41 containing averages of 3 and 6 copies and a derivative of strain 1021 containing an average of 2.5 copies of the symbiotic region were obtained. In addition, the same region was introduced into both strains as a multicopy plasmid, yielding derivatives with an average of seven copies per cell. Nodulation, nitrogenase activity, plant nitrogen content, and plant growth were analyzed in alfalfa plants inoculated with the different strains. The copy number of the symbiotic region was critical in determining the plant phenotype. In the case of the strains with a moderate increase in copy number, symbiotic properties were improved significantly. The inoculation of alfalfa with these strains resulted in an enhancement of plant growth.
|ISSN : ||0099-2240|
|Mesh Heading : ||Blotting, Southern DNA, Bacterial Genes, Bacterial Medicago sativa Microtubule Proteins Nitrogenase Regulon Sinorhizobium meliloti genetics isolation & purification growth & development genetics metabolism genetics metabolism enzymology growth & development|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Gene Amplification Nitrogen Fixation Symbiosis microbiology genetics|