Excretion of (14)C-fumonisin B(1), (14)C-hydrolyzed fumonisin B(1), and (14)C-fumonisin B(1)-fructose in rats.
Journal - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (UNITED STATES )
14C-Fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) was produced by Fusarium proliferatum M-5991 in modified Myro liquid medium and purified to >95% purity with a specific activity of 1.7 mCi/mmol. Nine male and nine female F344/N rats were each dosed by gavage with 0.69 micromol of (14)C-FB(1), (14)C-hydrolyzed FB(1), or (14)C-FB(1)-fructose/kg body weight. Urinary excretion of (14)C-FB(1) and (14)C-FB(1)-fructose was 0.5% and 4.4% of the total dose, respectively, and was similar between male and female rats. Urinary excretion of (14)C-hydrolyzed HFB(1) was significantly greater (P > 0.05) in female rats as compared with male rats (17.3% vs 12.8% of the total dose, respectively). There were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in biliary excretion of the three fumonisin compounds with a mean of 1. 4% of the dose excreted at 4 h after dosing. Lesser amounts continued to be excreted up to 9.25 h after dosing. Although biliary excretion of the (14)C-FB(1), (14)C-hydrolyzed FB(1), and (14)C-FB(1)-fructose was similar, increased urinary excretion of the (14)C-hydrolyzed FB(1) as compared to (14)C-FB(1) and (14)C-FB(1)-fructose indicated a greater absorption of the hydrolyzed form.
|ISSN : ||0021-8561|
|Mesh Heading : ||Animals Carbon Radioisotopes Carboxylic Acids Carcinogens, Environmental Female Fructose Humans Male Mycotoxins Rats Rats, Inbred F344 Rats, Sprague-Dawley Sex Factors urine analogs & derivatives urine urine|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Food Preservation Fumonisins pharmacokinetics pharmacokinetics pharmacokinetics pharmacokinetics|
Fumonisin B1 production by Fusarium proliferatum strain M5991 in a modified Myro liquid medium.
Journal - Natural toxins (UNITED STATES )
Fusarium proliferatum strain M5991 cultures were grown in shake flasks containing modified Myro (MM) medium (MgSO4 reduced to 0.5 g/L) plus 0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, or 1.25% (v/v) hot-water and corn-hull-extract (CHE) for 69 days. After 4 days of incubation, shake flask liquid cultures with 0.75, 1.00, and 1.25% (v/v) CHE showed a reduction in pH from 6.0 to 2.6 and consumed sucrose at > 6.3 g/L/d. After 69 days of incubation, the same shake flask cultures produced over 7.8 g/L cell mass and over 990 mg/L fumonisin B1 (FB1). A minimum CHE level of 0.75% was recommended for enhanced FB1 production by F. proliferatum strain M5991. During three serial (10, 12, and 12 L) batch fermentations in MM medium + 1.00% (v/v) CHE (first batch only), F. proliferatum strain M5991 produced FB1 concentrations of 619, 659, and 375 mg/L after 35, 47, and 52 days of incubation, respectively. By analysis, a total yield of 20 g FB1 was obtained from three serial batch fermentations.
|ISSN : ||1056-9014|
|Mesh Heading : ||Analysis of Variance Carcinogens, Environmental Cell Count Culture Media Fermentation Fusarium Hydrogen-Ion Concentration Magnesium Sulfate Mycotoxins Sucrose Teratogens cytology chemistry metabolism|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Fumonisins metabolism metabolism biosynthesis metabolism|