Schooling and traditional collaborative social organization of problem solving by Mayan mothers and children.
Journal - Developmental psychology (United States )
Traditional indigenous social organization in the Americas has been characterized as involving horizontal multiparty engagements, in contrast with schooling, which often relies on hierarchy and division of labor. This study examined whether the social organization of problem solving of Guatemalan Mayan indigenous mothers and children varied with the mothers' extent of experience with school. We observed 47 mothers as they constructed a puzzle with 3 children (ages 6-12 years). Mayan mothers with little schooling (0-2 grades) were involved more in horizontal, multiparty engagements, whereas Mayan mothers with extensive experience with schooling (12 or more grades) were involved more in hierarchical, division-of-labor engagements with the children. The results suggest that Western formal schooling contributes to the reshaping of traditional collaborative social organization among indigenous Mayan people.
|ISSN : ||0012-1649|
|Mesh Heading : ||Child Education Female Guatemala Humans Indians, Central American|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Cooperative Behavior Culture Mother-Child Relations Mothers Problem Solving Social Behavior standards psychology|