Comparison of SNPs and microsatellites for assessing the genetic structure of chicken populations.
Journal - Animal genetics
Many studies in human genetics compare informativeness of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and microsatellites (single sequence repeats; SSR) in genome scans, but it is difficult to transfer the results directly to livestock because of different population structures. The aim of this study was to determine the number of SNPs needed to obtain the same differentiation power as with a given standard set of microsatellites. Eight chicken breeds were genotyped for 29 SSRs and 9216 SNPs. After filtering, only 2931 SNPs remained. The differentiation power was evaluated using two methods: partitioning of the Euclidean distance matrix based on a principal component analysis (PCA) and a Bayesian model-based clustering approach. Generally, with PCA-based partitioning, 70 SNPs provide a comparable resolution to 29 SSRs. In model-based clustering, the similarity coefficient showed significantly higher values between repeated runs for SNPs compared to SSRs. For the membership coefficients, reflecting the proportion to which a fraction segment of the genome belongs to the ith cluster, the highest values were obtained for 29 SSRs and 100 SNPs respectively. With a low number of loci (29 SSRs or =100 SNPs), neither marker types could detect the admixture in the Gödöllö Nhx population. Using more than 250 SNPs allowed a more detailed insight into the genetic architecture. Thus, the admixed population could be detected. It is concluded that breed differentiation studies will substantially gain power even with moderate numbers of SNPs.© 2011 The Authors, Animal Genetics © 2011 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics.