Speech and language difficulties in a patient with schizophrenia-like disorder: a case report.
Journal - Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria (Nigeria )
Neurocognitive complications, such as speech and language dysfunctions are common comorbids in psychiatric patients with underlying medical conditions, such as stroke. Ascertaining a diagnosis is not usually easy, especially in the hands of the primary physicians who first attend to such patients. In addition, making diagnosis purely on previous psychiatric presentations, without thorough neurological and neurocognitive evaluation, is a mistake psychiatrists should avoid. Cultural belief systems in Nigeria play important role in the choice of care people with psychiatric problems receive, and the dearth in the country's mental health personals is a be-deviling handicap to providers of mental health services in the country. The author presents the case of a 52 year old man with schizophrenia-like psychosis that was complicated by speech and language problems following a cerebrovascular accident. In conclusion, doctors especially psychiatrists should be alert to co morbid physical illnesses in patients with psychiatric presentations.
Secondary school teachers' attitude to mental illness in Ogun State, Nigeria.
Journal - African journal of psychiatry (South Africa )
OBJECTIVE: Teachers as role models stand in a unique position in the formation of their pupils' set values about mental health issues. The aim of this study therefore was to determine the attitude of teachers to mental illness. METHOD: The questionnaire for the study was a drafted modified self-administered one, distributed among a randomly selected sample of teachers in the area of study. RESULTS: A significant number of teachers would not want to interact with former mentally ill persons in close social situations and many of them felt such people were unpredictable. Most of the respondents would not want former mentally ill persons holding sensitive jobs. More years of teaching was associated with not perceiving the former mentally ill person as being unpredictable. Teachers' highest educational qualification significantly related to their attitude towards former mentally ill persons. More teachers with Master's Degree than those with N.C.E qualification would not mind employing former mentally ill persons as gardeners, likewise not perceiving them as unpredictable or dangerous to other people in their surroundings. Results of the study showed that the majority of the teachers expressed negative attitudes in close social situations and job entrustments towards former mentally ill persons. CONCLUSION: Mental health educational programmes geared towards a change in teachers' preconceptions about mental illness and with opportunities for positive interactions with mentally ill persons might be effective in changing their negative attitude towards former mentally ill persons.
|ISSN : ||1994-8220|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adult Cross-Sectional Studies Dangerous Behavior Data Collection Educational Status Female Health Education Humans Male Mental Disorders Middle Aged Nigeria Prejudice Prospective Studies Questionnaires Rehabilitation, Vocational Social Distance rehabilitation|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Attitude Developing Countries Faculty psychology|