Psychological adaptation and distress among HIV+ Latina women: adaptation to HIV in a Mexican American cultural context.
Journal - Social work in health care (United States )
In order to examine the relative importance of general individual orientations (mastery and self-esteem) and specific coping styles with regard to psychological distress among women with HIV, data are examined from a pilot study involving in-depth face-to-face interviews with 32 HIV+ Latinas receiving care at 4 clinics serving the South Texas population. Interviews were conducted to provide preliminary psychometric information on coping and distress instruments in this predominantly Mexican American population as well as to examine psychosocial factors related to individual adjustment to HIV among Latina females. Refusal rates were low in this study (approximately 10%) and measurement instruments generally had acceptable internal consistency reliability. Results of exploratory multiple regression analyses suggest that self-esteem and mastery may be more salient predictors of depression and anxiety symptoms than are specific coping strategies.
|ISSN : ||0098-1389|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adult Female HIV Infections Humans Mexican Americans Models, Psychological Psychometrics Self Concept Self Efficacy Social Work Texas United States Women's Health epidemiology|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Adaptation, Psychological ethnology psychology psychology|
ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS AMONG U.S. ANGLOS, HISPANICS AND BLACKS*
Journal - Alcohol and Alcoholism
Data from the Health and Nutrition Examination Survey AugmentationComponent of the U.S. National Center for Health Statisticswere analysed to assess differences between Anglos (N=5546),Blacks (N=872), less-acculturated Hispanics (N=182), and more-acculturatedHispanics (N=58) with regard to alcohol use, psychological distress,and alcohol consumption-psychological distress relationships.Alcohol consumption differences were more notable for quantityrather than frequency, with Hispanics reporting significantlyhigher quantity than Anglos or Blacks. Drinkers were more depressedthan non-drinkers among Anglos and Blacks; an opposite, thoughinsignificant, pattern emerged among Hispanics. Higher quantityof alcohol use was generally associated with greater depressivesymptomatology and lower well-being. More frequent drinkingwas generally associated with lower depressive symptoms andhigher well-being. Additional findings that pointed to negativerelationships between quantity and both reported nervous breakdownsand help-seeking for emotional problems among less-acculturatedHispanics suggest a greater use of alcohol as a coping mechanismin this group.