Frequency of acoustic myography during isometric contraction of fresh and fatigued muscle and during dynamic contractions.
Journal - Muscle & nerve (UNITED STATES )
The frequency of the acoustic myographic (AMG) signal was examined during fresh and fatigued isometric contractions of quadriceps and during dynamic contractions of biceps brachii (BB) in healthy subjects. Recordings were obtained from quadriceps over a range of forces between 10% and 100% maximal voluntary contraction prior to, and 15 minutes after, a fatiguing exercise. Recordings from BB were obtained over a range of submaximal forces (0-8.5 kg) during concentric and eccentric contractions. The mean power frequency (MPF) of the AMG signal was analyzed during each of these contractions by fast-Fourier transform (FFT). The MPF was not significantly different (P > 0.05) during fresh and fatigued contractions of quadriceps and increased quadratically with force in both states (r = 0.81, fresh; r = 0.77, fatigued). During concentric contractions of BB the MPF initially increased with force, but then decreased at the heavier loads (> 5.5 kg). The MPF of eccentric contractions did not significantly (P > 0.05) alter with force. The AMG MPF was within a similar low frequency range for both muscles, during different types of contraction, and was unaltered with fatigue.
|ISSN : ||0148-639X|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adolescent Adult Humans Isometric Contraction Male Muscle Contraction Muscles Myography physiology|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||physiology physiology|
Acoustic myography of the human quadriceps muscle during intermittent fatiguing activity.
Journal - Journal of the neurological sciences (NETHERLANDS )
Integrated acoustic myography (IAMG) and electromyography (IEMG) were recorded over rectus femoris (RF) in six healthy subjects during a series of intermittent isometric contractions of quadriceps. Contractions were held for 10 sec with 10 sec rest between each, commencing at 75% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) force and continuing to 40% MVC. The IAMG activity initially decreased (75%-60% MVC) in a linear relationship (r = 0.9) with fatigue (i.e. force loss) but then plateaued and increased once force fell below 52% MVC. The AMG/force relationship for the whole fatiguing protocol (i.e. 75%-40% MVC) was quadratic (r = 0.87). The IEMG also showed a quadratic relationship with force (r = 0.85) but activity initially increased before decreasing. The results of the present study quantify the relationship between AMG and force in quadriceps during fatigue from intermittent contractions commencing at 75% MVC. The findings confirm previous observations that AMG decreases with fatigue during strong contractions but the quadratic relationship found in the present study differs to that for other muscles during sustained contractions. The results also suggest that simultaneous recordings of AMG and EMG may help distinguish central and peripheral fatigue. Acoustic myography may therefore be a useful non-invasive monitor of force during early fatiguing activity using the present protocol but the need to study AMG during fatigue of different muscles and force levels is stressed.
|ISSN : ||0022-510X|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adult Biomechanics Electromyography Fatigue Humans Male Motor Neurons Muscles Myography physiopathology physiology physiopathology|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Acoustics Isometric Contraction methods|
Acoustic myography reflects force changes during dynamic concentric and eccentric contractions of the human biceps brachii muscle.
Journal - European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology (GERMANY )
The relationship between acoustic myography (AMG), electromyography (EMG) and force during submaximal dynamic contractions was examined in the biceps brachii muscles of eight healthy males (aged 17-26 years). Different weights were lifted and lowered at a constant speed, using a wall pulley system, to perform concentric and eccentric contractions, respectively. Integrated AMG (iAMG) and integrated EMG (iEMG) activity both increased linearly with force during concentric (iAMG r = 0.94; iEMG r = 0.99) and eccentric (iAMG r = 0.90; iEMG r = 0.94) contractions. The slopes of the concentric regression lines were significantly different from the eccentric slopes (P less than 0.01) for both iAMG and iEMG with concentric contractions showing greater levels of activity. The results indicated that AMG can be used to detect changes in force during dynamic contractions which has important implications for the use of AMG in rehabilitation. The differences in iAMG activity between concentric and eccentric contractions are discussed in relationship to the origin of the AMG signal.
|ISSN : ||0301-5548|
|Mesh Heading : ||Adolescent Adult Arm Electromyography Humans Male Muscle Contraction|
|Mesh Heading Relevant : ||Myography physiology|